Microtubules in eukaryotic cells participate in a variety of nuclear and cytoplasmic structures, reflecting functional requirements and cell cycle position. We are studying the cellular regulation of microtubule assembly and organization in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We screened for genes that when overexpressed suppress the growth phenotype of conditional mutants in α-tubulin that arrest with excess microtubules at the nonpermissive temperature (class 2 mutations). Here we describe one such suppressing element, called ATS1 (for Alpha Tubulin Suppressor). Overexpression of this gene rescues both the growth and microtubule phenotypes of all class 2 mutations, but not the cold-sensitive mutations that arrest with no microtubules (class 1 mutations). Deletion of ATS1 confers a modest slow growth phenotype which is slightly enhanced in strains containing both a deletion of ATS1 and a class 2 tub1 mutation. The predicted ATS1 protein contains 333 amino acids and has considerable structural homology to the products of both the mammalian mitotic control gene RCC1 and the S. cerevisiae gene SRM1/PRP20. Overexpression of SRM1/PRP20 also suppresses class 2 mutants. The results suggest that this family of genes may participate in regulatory interactions between microtubules and the cell cycle.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||12|
|State||Published - 1994|