Objective The relative importance of loss of control and overeating in the relationship between binge eating and eating-related and general psychopathology has been debated in the literature. This study assessed the prevalence and correlates of overeating with and without loss of control within a diverse, population-based sample of adolescents. Method A highly diverse (81.1% non-White) sample of adolescents (n = 2,793) from EAT-2010 (Eating and Activity in Teens) completed self-report questionnaires assessing eating-related psychopathology, substance use, nonsuicidal self-injury, depressive symptoms, and self-esteem. Results Overeating without loss of control was reported by 6.9% of girls and 5.0% of boys, while 9.6% of girls and 6.3% of boys reported overeating with loss of control (binge eating). Overall, overeating (with or without loss of control) was positively associated with unhealthy or extreme weight control behaviors, dieting, nonsuicidal self-injury, lower body satisfaction, and self-esteem, and higher depressive symptoms relative to no overeating. Among girls, binge eating was associated with unhealthy or extreme weight control behaviors, lower self-esteem, and higher depressive symptoms relative to overeating without loss of control, while in boys, binge eating was associated with greater cigarette usage, lower body satisfaction, and greater depressive symptoms than overeating without loss of control (although cigarette usage was comparable in boys reporting binge eating and no overeating). Discussion Any overeating, with or without loss of control, was associated with multiple adverse correlates among adolescents. Loss of control was uniquely associated with multiple health indicators, further highlighting its importance as a marker of severity of overeating.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||International Journal of Eating Disorders|
|State||Published - Dec 1 2015|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health. Supported by The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute; contract grant number: R01-HL093247. Supported by Dianne Neumark-Sztainer. Supported by The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases; contract grant number: K23-DK105234. Supported by Dr. Goldschmidt. Supported by National Institute of Mental Health; contract grant number: T32-MH082761. Supported by Dr. Loth and Dr. Pisetsky.
© 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
- loss of control