Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome prevention strategies: Oral contraceptive pills-dual gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist suppression with step-down gonadotropin protocols

Mark A Damario

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The identification of patients at high risk for excessive responses to ovarian stimulation for in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer is essential in the tailoring of safe and effective treatment strategies. Known factors associated with increased sensitivity to gonadotropins include polycystic ovary syndrome, young age, prior ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), high baseline antral follicle count, and high baseline ovarian volume. Although several treatment strategies have been proposed for these patients, this report describes the experience using the dual suppression with gonadotropin step-down protocol. This protocol uses oral contraceptive pretreatment in combination with a long gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist followed by a programmed step-down in gonadotropin dosing. Hormonal characteristics of dual suppression include an improved luteinizing hormone-to-follicle-stimulating hormone ratio and lower serum androgens, particularly dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate. Clinical characteristics of the protocol include a lower cancellation rate and favorable clinical and ongoing pregnancy rates per initiated cycle while mitigating the risk of OHSS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)468-474
Number of pages7
JournalSeminars in Reproductive Medicine
Volume28
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 29 2010

Keywords

  • Oral contraceptives
  • gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist
  • ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
  • polycystic ovarian syndrome
  • step-down protocol

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