Ovarian estradiol production in vivo inhibitory: Effect of leuprolide acetate

Ania Kowalik, Larry Barmat, Mark Damario, Hung Ching Liu, Owen Davis, Zev Rosenwaks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of reducing the dose of gonadotropin- releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a) for controlled ovarian stimulation in vitro fertilization (IVF) on subsequent response to stimulation and cycle outcome. STUDY DESIGN: An IVF database was searched to identify patients who underwent at least two cycles of ovarian stimulation at a university-based medical center, and a retrospective chart review was performed. Fifty-one patients whose IVF stimulation protocols during the two cycles were identical except for the leuprolide dosage utilized for luteal pituitary suppression were included in the study. Two leuprolide dosages were utilized for suppression: a low dose, 0.5 mg daily, and a high dose, 1 mg daily. The leuprolide dose was uniformly halved upon initiation of gonadotropin stimulation; the gonadotropin dose and preparation were identical in the two protocols. Day 3 follicle-stimulating hormone levels, duration of stimulation, amount of gonadotropins required, midcycle and peak estradiol levels, oocyte yield and implantation rates were compared. RESULTS: Lowering the dose of GnRH-a while maintaining the same stimulation protocol resulted in a faster estradiol rise and higher mean peak estradiol level. The higher estradiol levels were obtained with a lower total gonadotropin dose. The oocyte yield was not affected by the stimulation protocol utilized. CONCLUSION: Lowering the dosage of leuprolide allows higher estradiol levels in those patients. This suggests an inhibitory in vivo effect of leuprolide acetate on ovarian steroidogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)413-417
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Reproductive Medicine for the Obstetrician and Gynecologist
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 1998


  • Estradiol
  • Leuprolide
  • Ovary


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