Outer membrane proteins for serologic detection of Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale infection in Turkeys

V. Lopes, G. Rajashekara, A. Back, D. P. Shaw, D. A. Halvorson, K. V. Nagaraja

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18 Scopus citations


Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale (ORT) is a bacterium responsible for a respiratory disease in turkeys and chickens and has been identified as one of the emerging respiratory bacterial pathogens. The clinical signs and lesions caused by ORT are very similar to those caused by other respiratory infectious agents; therefore, an accurate diagnostic test is necessary to identify the infection. In this study, we have investigated the use of outer membrane proteins of ORT in an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to detect the exposure to ORT infection. Outer membrane proteins of ORT were extracted and used as an antigen in ELISA to detect infection in turkeys exposed to different serotypes of ORT. The ELISA results were compared with the conventional serum plate agglutination test. The agglutination test detected specific antibodies for ORT in 65% of experimentally infected turkeys during the first 2 wk of infection. The ELISA detected up to 100% of infected birds for 8 wk postinfection. The results suggest that ELISA is able to detect the exposure to ORT in later stages of the infection and this assay can be used in serologic surveillance of ORT infection for poultry in the field.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)957-962
Number of pages6
JournalAvian diseases
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000


  • Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
  • Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale
  • Outer membrane proteins
  • Serum plate agglutination test
  • Turkeys


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