Outcomes of operatively managed periprosthetic distal femur fractures compared to fractures in patients with native knees

Nicholas Bostrom, Thomas Z Paull, Mai P. Nguyen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: With the increasing incidence of total knee arthroplasty (TKA), there is an expected rise in rate of periprosthetic fractures in the coming years. It is unclear how the outcomes of patients with distal femur fractures (DFF) and a total knee arthroplasty compare to patients of the same age group with native knees (NK). Materials and methods: A retrospective review was completed for distal femur fractures treated with surgical fixation from January 2019–March 2021. We excluded patients <50 years old, non-ambulatory patients, revision surgeries, and patients with less than 90 days of follow-up. A chart review was performed to collect age, gender, BMI, smoking status, American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) classification, fracture type, fixation method, time to full weight bearing, and complications. Comparisons between the TKA vs native knee groups were performed using t-test, chi-square, and Fisher's exact test where appropriate. Results: 138 patients were included in our study with a mean age of 74 years. 69 DFF ipsilateral to a TKA were included in the study group and 71 DFF were included in the native knee group. Age, sex, BMI, smoking status, and ASA class were similar between the groups. All patients with periprosthetic femur fractures had 33A AO/OTA fracture classification. Patients with native knees were more likely to receive dual implant fixation, 15.5% compared to 4.3% (p = 0.02). Full weight bearing was achieved at 8.5 vs 8.6 weeks between the NK and TKA groups (p = 0.64). The complication rate was 16.9% in the NK group vs. 7.2% in the TKA group (p = 0.21). Conclusion: Patients with periprosthetic femur fractures have similar time to weight bearing and complications rate with patients with distal femur fracture in native knees. We found a higher utilization rate of dual implant fixation in the native knee group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)114-117
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Orthopaedics
Volume53
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024

Keywords

  • Distal femur fractures
  • Femur fracture outcomes and complications
  • Periprosthetic fractures
  • TKA distal femur fractures

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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