Outcomes of laparoscopic Toupet compared to laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication

H. C. Fernando, J. D. Luketich, N. A. Christie, S. Ikramuddin, P. R. Schauer

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86 Scopus citations


Background: Recent reports suggest that partial fundoplications such as the laparoscopic Toupet (LT) ultimately suffer from a higher recurrence rate compared to complete wraps such as the laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (LNF). This article summarizes our experience with LT and LNF. Methods: Over a 45-month period (February 1995 to November 1998), 206 patients underwent laparoscopic antireflux operations. The LNF group included 163 patients and the LT group included 43 patients. Global quality of life was measured using the Medical outcomes short form 36 (SF36). Results: There were no differences in disease severity, except that the LT group had a higher incidence of esophageal dysmotility (37.2% 8.6%, p < 0.05). Early outcomes were similar, with no perioperative deaths and morbidity occurring in 15 (9.2%) LNF and 5 (11.6%) LT patients (p = not significant). Long-term follow-up was available in 142 patients at a mean of 19.7 months. A greater number of LT patients required proton pump inhibitors (38 vs 20%) and were dissatisfied (21 vs 7%) with their surgery (p < 0.05). SF36 physical function scores were better in the LNF group (85 vs 74; p < 0.05). Significantly more (p < 0.05) of the LT patients complained of dysphagia (34.5 vs 15%) on follow-up. There were no differences in the incidence of symptoms related to the gas-bloat syndrome. The observed differences between the LT and LNF groups did not appear to be related to differences in esophageal motility. Conclusions: Short-term results were similar for LT and LNF, but with longer follow-up, better results were seen with LNF. Even in the setting of moderate decreases of esophageal motility, complete fundoplication yields superior results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)905-908
Number of pages4
JournalSurgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Fundoplication
  • Nissen
  • Reflux
  • Toupet


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