OBJECTIVE. The aim of this retrospective study is to evaluate the endovascular treatment of hemorrhage in the nonperioperative setting in pancreas transplant recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS. All angiograms performed between January 1, 1999, and June 1, 2016, to treat hemorrhage after pancreatic transplant at a single large-volume transplant center were reviewed. Fourteen patients who underwent 21 angiograms were identified. The patients' charts were reviewed for clinical indications, technical aspects of the endovascular interventions, outcomes, and complications. RESULTS. The mean number of angiograms was 1.5 per patient. The primary and primary assisted clinical success rates were 64.3% (9/14 patients) and 71.4% (10/14 patients), respectively. Five patients (35.7%) experienced complications. At presentation, eight patients had functioning grafts and seven of these eight patients (87.5%) maintained graft function. CONCLUSION. It is critical to recognize transplant-related hemorrhage after pancreas transplant. Endovascular management is associated with high clinical success and rarely results in loss of graft function, suggesting that it should be a consideration for first-line therapy in this patient population.
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- Endovascular management
- Pancreatic transplant