Introduction: Kidney transplantation (KT) demands that patients navigate a complex healthcare system and adhere to lifelong therapy and surveillance. Cultural and linguistic discordance between patients and providers has been identified as a barrier to successful KT. We studied KT outcomes and disparities among a native Somali population living in Minnesota. Methods: Between 1995 and 2015, 2,385 patients underwent KT at our institution; 22 were self-designated Somali nationals. Patient and graft survival and time to first rejection were analyzed. Utilization of interpreter services was evaluated. Results: Patient survival for the Somali cohort at 1 year was 100% and 95.5% at 5 years; compared to 97.2% at 1 year and 89.1% at 5 years for the Caucasian cohort (p = 0.40). Graft survival for the Somali cohort at 1 year was 100% and 95.5% at 5 years; for the Caucasian cohort 94.8% and 81.6% (p = 0.35). Rejection-free survival in the Somali cohort was 100% at 1 and 5 years, for the Caucasian cohort 86.2% and 82.1 (p = 0.41). Among 22 adult Somali KT recipients, 15 (68%) patients frequently utilized interpreter services in their KT-related clinical encounters. Conclusion: Immigrant Somali KT recipients, appear to have comparable KT outcomes compared to a contemporaneous Caucasian cohort.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
- Cultural discordance
- Kidney transplantation
- Linguistic discordance
- Racial disparities