Outcomes After Revision Fixation With Cement Augmentation for Failed Intertrochanteric Fracture Fixation in Older Adult Patients

Fernando A. Huyke-Hernández, Arthur J. Only, Megan Sorich, Naoko Onizuka, Julie A Switzer, Brian P Cunningham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Intertrochanteric (IT) fractures that fail fixation are traditionally treated with arthroplasty, introducing significant risk of morbidity and mortality in frail older adult patients. Revision fixation with cement augmentation is a relatively novel technique that has been reported in several small scale international studies. Here we report a clinical series of 22 patients that underwent revision fixation with cement augmentation for IT fracture fixation failure. Methods: This retrospective case series identified all patients that underwent revision intramedullary nailing from 2018 to 2021 at two institutions within a large metropolitan healthcare system. Demographics, injury characteristics, Charlson Comorbidity Index score, and surgical characteristics were extracted from the electronic medical record. Outcomes were extracted from the electronic medical record and included radiographic findings, pain, functional outcomes, complications, and mortality. Results: Average follow-up after revision surgery was 15.2 ± 10.6 months. Twenty patients (90.9%) reported improved pain and achieved union or progressive healing after surgery. Most of these patients regained some degree of independent ambulation (19 patients, 86.4%), with only 5 patients (22.7%) requiring increased assistance for their activities of daily living (ADLs). One-year mortality was 13.6% (3 patients). Of the 5 patients (22.7%) that experienced complications, 2 patients (9.1%) required revision hemiarthroplasty for subsequent fixation failure. The other 3 patients did well when complications resolved. Conclusions: Revision fixation with cement augmentation can be an effective, safe, cost-effective alternative to arthroplasty for the management of cases involving non-infected failed IT fracture fixation with implant cut-out or cut-through limited to the femoral head in older adult patients that have appropriate acetabular bone stock.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalGeriatric Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation
Volume13
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2022.

Keywords

  • cement augmentation
  • fragility fractures
  • geriatric trauma
  • intertrochanteric fracture
  • osteoporosis
  • revision fixation

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Outcomes After Revision Fixation With Cement Augmentation for Failed Intertrochanteric Fracture Fixation in Older Adult Patients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this