Outbreak of trichinella spiralis infections associated with a wild boar hunted at a game farm in iowa

Stacy M. Holzbauer, William A. Agger, Rebecca L. Hall, Gary M. Johnson, David Schmitt, Ann Garvey, Henry S. Bishop, Hilda Rivera, Marcos E. De Almeida, Dolores Hill, Bert E. Stromberg, Ruth Lynfield, Kirk E. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


Background. Rates of trichinellosis have declined significantly in the United States due to improved pork production practices and public awareness of the danger of eating raw or undercooked pork. In April 2011, the Minnesota Department of Health received a report of presumptive trichinellosis in a 50-year-old man with a history of wild boar consumption. A public health investigation was initiated. Methods. Medical record reviews and patient and family interviews were conducted. Trichinella species serology was performed on patient and family serum samples, and larval identification was attempted on clinical specimens and meat samples. Results. The index patient harvested a wild boar from an Iowa game farm; he processed the meat after returning home and developed gastrointestinal symptoms 2 days later. Four days after his illness onset, all 5 family members consumed a roast from the boar. The index patient sought healthcare 4 times after illness onset before being definitively diagnosed with trichinellosis. Following initiation of albendazole therapy, the index patient developed atrial fibrillation. One additional family member who processed the raw meat was diagnosed with trichinellosis. Trichinella spiralis larvae were identified in wild boar meat samples. Conclusions. Trichinellosis has long been recognized as a potential hazard of consuming undercooked wild carnivore meat, and historically has been associated with consumption of pork from domestic swine, but may be unfamiliar to practicing clinicians in the United States. Education of hunters and the broader population on the potential for trichinellosis and the importance of proper handling and cooking meat from wild or free-range animals needs to be reinforced.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1750-1756
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 15 2014

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2014.


  • Trichinella spiralis
  • human trichinellosis
  • outbreak
  • pork
  • wild boar


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