Otolaryngologic Manifestations of Skeletal Dysplasias in Children

Sofia Lyford-Pike, Julie Hoover-Fong, David E. Tunkel

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


This article reviews some of the otolaryngologic manifestations of skeletal dysplasias. Achondroplasia is discussed most comprehensively. Skeletal dysplasias are bone and cartilage disorders that disrupt the development of the long bones, craniofacial skeleton, and vertebral column, with the most notable characteristic being short stature. Children with skeletal dysplasias have various medical problems. These children often develop head and neck manifestations of their disorders. Hearing loss, middle ear disease, and respiratory difficulties are seen in these children. Otolaryngologists must be knowledgeable about these disorders to diagnose, treat, and appropriately refer children with skeletal dysplasias.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)579-598
Number of pages20
JournalOtolaryngologic Clinics of North America
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2012


  • Achondroplasia
  • Hearing loss
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Osteogenesis imperfecta
  • Skeletal dysplasia


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