Osteitis pubis is a painful condition, usually caused by abnormal muscle forces acting on the symphysis pubis. The symptoms of osteitis pubis mimic many other injuries that affect the athlete's groin. To correctly diagnose this condition, the clinician must maintain a high index of suspicion. Reports suggest this condition is more common in men than women. Confirmatory radiographs, bone scans, and magnetic resonance imaging aid the diagnosis. Once diagnosed, the prognosis for full recovery is good, although lengthy. Typical treatments include physical therapy, involving strengthening the abdominal and hip muscles, and improving range of motion of the hip, particularly the muscles of internal rotation. Corticosteroid injections, wedge resection of the symphysis, curettage, and arthrodesis have all been used with variable success.