Fresh and mildly aged Pt/Al2O3 model diesel oxidation catalysts with small and large noble metal particle size have been studied during CO oxidation under lean burn reaction conditions to gain more insight into the structure and oscillatory reaction behaviour. The catalytic performance, CO adsorption characteristics using in situ DRIFTS and oxidation state using in situ XAS were correlated. Stable and pronounced oscillations only occurred over the catalyst with smaller particle sizes. Characteristic for this catalyst are low-coordinated surface Pt sites (more corner and edge atoms) which seem to become oxidized at elevated temperature as evidenced by in situ DRIFTS and in situ XAS. In situ XAS further uncovered that the oxidation of the Pt surface starts from the end of the catalyst bed and the oxidation state oscillates like the catalytic activity.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Acknowledgments The authors wish to thank Di Wang (Institute for Nanotechnology, KIT) for TEM work and the group of Peter Pfeifer (Institute for Micro Process Engineering, KIT) for carrying out hydrogen chemisorption measurements. Gian Luca Chiarello is acknowledged for help and in-house modifications of the DRIFTS instrument. Finally we thank KIT, the BMBF Project ‘‘Materials in Action (MatAkt, 05K10VKB)’’ for financial support and SLS (Villi-gen, Switzerland) and ANKA (Karlsruhe, Germany) for providing beamtime. Maarten Nachtegaal and Olga Safonova (SLS) and Stefan Mangold (ANKA) are acknowledged for support during the XAS experiments.
- CO oxidation
- In situ DRIFTS
- In situ XAS
- Spatially resolved studies