Oscillator-based inverter control for islanded three-phase microgrids

Brian B. Johnson, Sairaj V. Dhople, James L. Cale, Abdullah O. Hamadeh, Philip T. Krein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

108 Scopus citations


A control scheme is proposed for an islanded low-inertia three-phase inverter-based microgrid with a high penetration of photovoltaic (PV) generation resources. The output of each inverter is programmed to emulate the dynamics of a nonlinear oscillator. The virtual oscillators within each controller are implicitly coupled through the physical electrical network. The asymptotic synchronization of the oscillators can be guaranteed by design, and as a result, a stable power system emerges innately with no communication between the inverters. Time-domain switching-level simulation results for a 45-kW microgrid with 33% PV penetration demonstrate the merits of the proposed technique; in particular they show that the load voltage can be maintained between prescribed bounds in spite of variations in incident irradiance and step changes in the load.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6620994
Pages (from-to)387-395
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Journal of Photovoltaics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Microgrids
  • oscillators
  • photovoltaic inverter control
  • synchronization


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