Orthopaedic Gene Therapy: Twenty-Five Years on

Christopher H. Evans, Steve C. Ghivizzani, Paul D. Robbins

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Orthopaedics pioneered the expansion of gene therapy beyond its traditional scope of diseases that are caused by rare single-gene defects. Orthopaedic applications of gene therapy are most developed in the areas of arthritis and regenerative medicine, but several additional possibilities exist.Invossa, an ex vivo gene therapeutic for osteoarthritis, was approved in South Korea in 2017, but its approval was retracted in 2019 and remains under appeal; a Phase-III clinical trial of Invossa has restarted in the U.S.There are several additional clinical trials for osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis that could lead to approved gene therapeutics for arthritis.Bone-healing and cartilage repair are additional areas that are attracting considerable research; intervertebral disc degeneration and the healing of ligaments, tendons, and menisci are other applications of interest. Orthopaedic tumors, genetic diseases, and aseptic loosening are additional potential targets.If successful, these endeavors will expand the scope of gene therapy from providing expensive medicines for a few patients to providing affordable medicines for many.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number20.00220
JournalJBJS reviews
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 26 2021

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