Orthogonal stagnation flow, a framework for steady extensional flow experiments

H. H. Winter, Chris Macosko, K. E. Bennett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations


A new framework for viewing steady extensional flow is presented: Steady orthogonal stagnation flow is an ideal which one should strive to reach in an actual experiment. The kinematics and the stress boundary conditions are developed for stagnation flow in general and in two special cases: the impingement of two circular streams and of two planar sheets. Contemplating this ideal clarifies the advantages and disadvantages of current experiments, thereby pointing the way towards new experiments; a number are suggested. Axisymmetric (with {Mathematical expression} > 0) and planar stagnation flow within a lubricated die look particularly promising. Some preliminary experimental results are given for uniaxial extension of a polyacrylamide solution in a water lubricated die.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)323-334
Number of pages12
JournalRheologica Acta
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1979


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