Orthogonal bi-pulse UWB: Timing and (de)modulation

Mourad Ouertani, Huilin Xu, Hichem Besbes, Liuqing Yang, Ammar Bouallègue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


In this paper, we propose a novel orthogonal bi-pulse ultra-wideband (UWB) system, which uses an even pulse and an odd pulse to convey information symbols in an alternating manner. Due to the orthogonality of these pulses, their corresponding received waveforms remain orthogonal after propagating through multipath channels. Then we consider two major challenges in the realization of our proposed UWB system: timing synchronization and symbol demodulation. In particular, the idea of timing with dirty template (TDT) in [L. Yang, G.B. Giannakis, Timing Ultra-Wideband signals with dirty templates, IEEE Trans. on Commun. 53 (11) (2005) 1952-1963] is employed for timing synchronization and the noncoherent scheme in [L. Yang, G.B. Giannakis, A. Swami, Noncoherent Ultra-Wideband (de)modulation, IEEE Trans. Commun. 55 (4) (2007) 810-819] is used to bypass channel estimation. Both of these techniques are characterized by correlating adjacent waveform segments. In the implementation of these techniques, we will gradually reveal the advantages of our proposed system. The correlation of adjacent waveform segments only contains the information of a single symbol. This enables a significant enhancement of the synchronization speed of TDT when no training sequence is transmitted. For the same reason, our demodulation approach completely mitigates the inter-symbol interference (ISI) in the second paper referred to, above, and entails a simple demodulator even in the presence of unknown timing errors. Simulations are also carried out to corroborate our analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)237-247
Number of pages11
JournalPhysical Communication
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 2008
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Work at the University of Florida is in part supported by Office of Naval Research under grant #N00014-07-1-0868.

Copyright 2009 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Demodulation
  • Noncoherent
  • Orthogonal pulse
  • Synchronization
  • Ultra-wideband


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