Orphanin FQ/nociceptin: A novel neuromodulator of gastrointestinal function?

Mark A. Osinski, David R. Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Orphanin FQ/nociceptin (OFQ/N) has been immunohistochemically localized in the rat enteric nervous system, and mRNA signals for its precursor (i.e. prepro-OFQ/-N) and cognate receptor ORL-1 are expressed in the intestinal tract. OFQ/N inhibits neurogenic contractions in a variety of stomach and small intestine preparations in vitro, but contracts rodent colon. In vivo, it acts at peripheral and central nervous system sites to stimulate or inhibit mechanical activity in the stomach and colon, respectively. Thus, OFQ/N acts as a neuromodulator of gastrointestinal motility and may have additional roles in regulation of intestinal blood flow, active ion transport, and immunity. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)999-1005
Number of pages7
JournalPeptides
Volume21
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2000

Keywords

  • Anion secretion
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Enteric nervous system
  • Opioid
  • Peristalsis

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