Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) overexpression cooperates with genetic lesions such as an activated c-ras(IIa) to enhance epithelial tumorigenesis. To assess the invasiveness of ODC-overexpressing cells, two noninvasive epidermal cell lines, nontumorigenic BK-1 cells, and the papilloma-derived cell line SP-1 were infected with a replication-defective retrovirus that overexpresses ODC, inoculated into deepithelialized rat tracheas, and transplanted into athymic nude mice. After 5 weeks, ODC-overexpressing BK-1 cells remained localized on the luminal surface of the tracheal xenotransplants, whereas the ODC-overexpressing SP-1 cells were extremely invasive, with the whole tracheal wall penetrated. This invasiveness of ODC- overexpressing SP-1 cells was accompanied by elevated proteinase expression, including increased urokinase plasminogen activator activity in ODC- overexpressing cells and elevated stromelysin-1 mRNA expression in the stromal cells of invaded tracheal transplants.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Jun 1 1997|