A new method to improve (0 0 1) texture of L1 0 FePt films was reported. In this work, in order to obtain the perpendicular orientation of L1 0 FePt films, the FePt films were annealed at 700°C (T A1 ) for 30 min and then annealed at T A2 (430-600°C) for an hour either in a magnetic field of ∼3500 Oe along the normal direction of the films (Route A) or without magnetic field (Route B). Compared with the Route B, I (0 0 1) /I (1 1 1) showed a peak value of 7 when T A2 was around 478°C (around the Curie temperature of L1 0 FePt films) and the AFM image of FePt sample was annealed around 478°C showed an obvious change of grains through Route A. It is related to the following reason: when the temperature is near Curie temperature of L1 0 FePt films, the thermal disturbing term is close to the exchange energy of the magnetization, therefore, the magnetic field of ∼3500 Oe is effective for promoting the preferential growth direction of L1 0 structure.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 6080 3035 ).
- Curie temperature
- Exchange energy
- Magnetic field annealing