Organoleptic assessment of halitosis for dental professionals - General recommendations

J. Greenman, P. Lenton, R. Seemann, S. Nachnani

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36 Scopus citations


An organoleptic assessment of an odor is defined as a method that can measure the strength of target odors and expresses the value in terms of a point or number with reference to a pre-defined organoleptic scale. Organoleptic assessments are performed using different scales and are used widely in industry (e.g. for measuring the effectiveness of anti-odor agents), in research (to discover relationships between bad breath and microbiology of the tongue, or the generation of particular volatile compounds), but it is also a prerequisite for the diagnosis of halitosis in individual patients required before directing appropriate treatment. An organoleptic assessment of halitosis patients may be carried out in specialized institutions but - based on the fact that in most cases the odor originates from oral structures - also by dental professionals including general dental practitioners (GDPs). Thus, this paper describes the scientific background for recommendations on how a GDP or dental hygienist or general practitioner with cases of bad breath should use organoleptic methods as a valid approach to assess malodor in patients, with a view to diagnosis and treatment, and subsequent treatment monitoring.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number017102
JournalJournal of Breath Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2014


  • GDP
  • breath diagnosis
  • breath judges
  • halitosis
  • organoleptic


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