Organization of the transcription factor binding sites in the κ Ig intron enhancer: Effects of position, orientation, and spacing

Judith T. Schanke, Brian G. Van Ness

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

The κ Ig intron enhancer is comprised of multiple sequence motifs known to bind trans-acting factors that activate gene expression. A species comparison reveals a high level of conservation of the organization of the transcription factor binding sites within the enhancer. The importance of the conserved organization of the κ intron enhancer was examined by using topologic mutations that disrupt the position, orientation, and spacing of individual binding sites within the enhancer. The effects of these changes were monitored by their effects on reporter gene activity at two distinct stages of B cell development. Previously, mutational analysis indicated the κB and κE2 sequence motifs to be the most crucial sites for intron enhancer function. We have demonstrated that intron enhancer activity is dependent on the position of the κB and κE2 sequence motifs within the enhancer. Intron enhancer function is, however, independent of κB and κE2 binding site orientation and is flexible in spacing requirements among binding sites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4565-4572
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume153
Issue number10
StatePublished - Nov 15 1994

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