Organic peroxides inhibit neutrophil leukotriene B4 biosynthesis

I. J. Okazaki, L. M. Newman, D. W. Allen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Leukotriene B4, an autacoid metabolite of arachidonic acid produced by polymorphonuclear neutrophils, induces chemokinesis, chemotaxis, and adhesion of these cells at sites of inflammation. Because neutrophil infiltration is a self-limited process, we hypothesized that oxidized lipid products of neutrophil-damaged tissue might inhibit leukotriene B4 biosynthesis, thereby preventing additional neutrophil infiltration and limiting peroxidative tissue damage. Erythrocyte ghosts exposed to a hydrogen peroxide-generating system served as a model of peroxidized tissue in inflammation and inhibited neutrophil leukotriene B4 production by 50% compared with unoxidized ghosts. Organic peroxides, including tert-butylhydroperoxide, peracetic acid, and linoleic hydroperoxide, resembling the product(s) of tissue membrane peroxidation in lipid solubility and catalase resistance, inhibited leukotriene B4 biosynthesis in a dose-dependent manner (50% inhibitory concentration of 3.9 μM compared to 530 μM for H2O2). Biosynthetic steps prior to the 5-lipoxygenase did not appear to be the site of inhibition. Likewise, the step after the 5-lipoxygenase, the leukotriene A4 hydrolase, was not primarily involved. Thus a possible mechanism for controlling the influx of neutrophils and their oxidative damage during inflammation may be inhibition of the 5-lipoxygenase by catalase-resistant lipid peroxides released by tissue membranes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)645-651
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Leukocyte Biology
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1992


  • arachidonic acid
  • lipid peroxidation
  • organic peroxides


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