Orexin neurons are stimulated by conditions that are glucoprivic, suggesting that orexin signaling may be increased during nutritional duress. We have previously shown that injection of orexin A (OxA) into the rostral lateral hypothalamic area (rLHa) robustly and dose-dependently increases feeding behavior. Thus we hypothesized that exogenous administration of orexin A would induce a greater feeding response after acute food deprivation or perceived caloric duress achieved through 2-deoxyglucose (2DG) administration. To test our hypothesis, male Sprague-Dawley rats implanted with internal guide cannulas directed to the rLHa were exposed to varying degrees of food deprivation (0, 3, 12, 24 h) and 2DG (200 mg/kg) before intra-rLHa OxA (500 pmol) infusion. We also performed a dose-response study using graded doses of OxA (0, 31.25, 125, and 500 pmol) in fed and 24-h fasted rats. OxA administration in conjunction with the highest level of prior food deprivation (24 h) resulted in the greatest feeding response (above baseline means; 0 h deprivation: 1.9 ± 0.6; 24 h deprivation: 4.4 ± 0.8; P = 0.0034) and showed a dose-dependent enhancement of feeding. Additionally, 2DG administration before OxA administration resulted in a significantly higher feeding response (above baseline means: 2DG = 1.8 ± 0.5; OxA = 1.8 ± 0.4; 2DG + OxA = 5.1 ± 0.6; P < 0.0001). These data support the hypothesis that orexin signaling may be important in modulating the feeding network under times of nutritional duress.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology|
|Issue number||2 58-2|
|State||Published - Aug 2005|
- Lateral hypothalamus