Objective: Oral anticoagulation (OAC) prescribed to AF patients for the prevention of cardioembolic complications likely has the added benefit of preventing venous thromboembolism (VTE). This study evaluated, among AF patients who are anticoagulated, whether type of OAC was associated with subsequent VTE risk. Methods: Non-valvular AF patients prescribed OACs between 2010 and September 2015 were identified via the MarketScan administrative claims databases. OACs included warfarin and direct OACs (DOACs: dabigatran, rivaroxaban, and apixaban). Incident VTE was defined by ICD-9-CM codes. Patients were matched on age, sex, CHA 2 DS 2 -VASc, and high-dimensional propensity scores. The final analysis included 117,912 AF patients. Results: In total, 1357 VTE events accrued over a mean follow-up of 484 days. In multivariable-adjusted, propensity score-matched Cox models, relative to new users of warfarin, risk of incident VTE was lower among new users of dabigatran [hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) = 0.55 (0.47–0.66)] and apixaban [0.51 (0.39–0.68)], but similar among new users of rivaroxaban [1.01 (0.87–1.19)]. In head-to-head DOAC comparisons, VTE risk was lower among users of dabigatran [0.48 (0.36–0.64)] and apixaban [0.61 (0.47–0.78)] vs rivaroxaban. Findings were mostly similar across patient sub-groups. Conclusions: In this large practice-based population of AF patients prescribed OACs for primary prevention of stroke and systemic embolization, subsequent risk of VTE was lowest among those prescribed apixaban and dabigatran, while risk was similar with prescriptions for warfarin and rivaroxaban. Among AF patients prescribed OACs, lowering the risk of VTE may be an additional benefit of apixaban and dabigatran, beyond the reduced bleeding risk observed in randomized clinical trials.
- Atrial fibrillation
- Comparative effectiveness
- Venous thromboembolism
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article
- Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
- Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't