Optoelectronic properties of transition metal and rare earth doped epitaxial layers on InP for magneto-optics

B. J.H. Stadler, K. Vaccaro, A. Davis, G. O. Ramseyer, E. A. Martin, H. M. Dauplaise, L. M. Theodore, J. P. Lorenzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rare earth- and transition metal-doped thin films of InP, In0.53Ga0.47As, and In0.71Ga0.29As0.58P0.42 were grown by liquid phase epitaxy and evaluated for use in integrated electro-optical and magneto-optical applications, such as waveguides and Faraday rotators. The films were lattice matched to (100) InP substrates, and the transition metal (Mn) and rare earth (Gd, Eu, and Er) doping concentrations were between 2.6 × 1018 and 1.5 × 1020 cm-3. The chemical profiles were generally found to be homogeneous by SIMS, although in more highly doped films the rare earths were observed to segregate toward the interfaces. The undoped films were n-type, and the net carrier concentrations in the rare earth-doped ( Gd, Eu, Er) films were decreased by an order of magnitude. The Mn-doped films were p-type. Optically, the rare earth dopants were observed to raise the refractive index of the layers at 632.8 nm, and subsequent waveguiding in doped InP layers was observed at 1.3μm. Although the Faraday rotations of our materials were much less than that of well known oxides, such as yttrium iron garnet, they were sufficient for device applications, and our materials can be much more easily integrated with InP OEIC devices. For example, a 1 cm waveguide would provide the large rotation (45°) required in isolator applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)709-713
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Electronic Materials
Volume25
Issue number5
StatePublished - Apr 1996

Keywords

  • Faraday rotation InGaAs
  • InGaAsP
  • InP
  • LPE
  • Optoelectronic properties
  • Rare earth
  • Transition metal doping
  • Waveguides

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