Optimizing Temperature and Humidity for Rooting Hybrid Hazelnuts fromHardwood StemCuttings

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Abstract

Hybrid hazelnuts are being developed as a new crop for the Upper Midwest for their ecological and economic value, but lack of economically viable propagation methods is a significant bottleneck to their wide scale adoption. In previous trials we found that hardwood stem cuttings could be propagated in low cost humidity tents constructed of molded plastic tubs covered with white 70% shade plastic. When the plastic was sealed tightly at the sides, these tubs maintained relative humidity near saturation, but also tended to overheat. This trial experimented with the use of ordinary household humidifiers as an alternative way of maintaining humidity while avoiding overheating. We found that it is not necessary to maintain RH near 100% as we had been doing when we kept thehumidity tents tightly sealed. Stem survival and, as a consequence, rooting were improved in vented tents in which humidity was maintained with humidifiers, though these required much more management than the sealed tents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)44-49
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Environmental Horticulture
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2019

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Keywords

  • Corylus americana (Walter)
  • Corylus avellana (L.)
  • Indole-3-butyric acid
  • Propagation
  • Rooting

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