Anterior knee pain represents one of the most common athletic knee conditions and arguably also one of the most complex. The patellofemoral joint is at the center of several forces, and alterations in any of these force vectors due to muscular imbalance, soft-tissue tightness or laxity, and altered functional movement patterns can all combine to create a painful anterior knee. While typically anterior knee pain is not a surgical entity, the orthopaedic surgeon with an understanding of these biomechanical intricacies is best positioned to provide comprehensive evidence-based care for the patient with anterior knee pain. Level of Evidence: V, expert opinion.
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