Optimizing outcomes in pancreas transplantation: Impact of organ preservation time

Ehren Rudolph, Ty B Dunn, David E.R. Sutherland, Raja Kandaswamy, Erik B Finger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


Recent changes to pancreas graft allocation policy have increased the number of organs available for regional and distant sharing, which results in a corresponding increase in preservation time. We sought to systematically assess the impact of cold ischemia time (CIT) on outcomes post-transplant. A retrospective review of 1253 pancreas transplants performed at a single transplant center was performed to correlate CIT to transplant outcomes. The rate of technical failure (TF) increased with 20+ hours of CIT, with a 2.7-fold to 6.2-fold increased rate of TF for pancreas after kidney (PAK), simultaneous pancreas and kidney (SPK), and pancreas transplants overall. Long-term graft survival was best with <12 hours of CIT; graft failure increased 1.2-fold to 1.4-fold with 12-24 hours of CIT and 2.2-fold with 24+ hours. CIT had less influence on the pancreas transplant alone category than either SPK or PAK and had markedly more influence on grafts from older (age >25 years) and overweight (body mass index >25) donors. In the final analysis, grafts with <12 hours of CIT performed the best overall, and strategies that reduce CIT (such as early allocation, pre-recovery cross-matching, and chartered flights for organs) should be considered whenever possible.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere13035
JournalClinical Transplantation
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2017


  • graft survival
  • organ preservation
  • pancreas transplant
  • preservation time

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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