Optimization of nutritional requirements and ammonium feeding strategies for improving vitamin B12 production by Pseudomonas denitrificans

Ze Jian Wang, Ping Wang, Ju Chu, Si Liang Zhang

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3 Scopus citations


Statistical experiment design and data analysis were used to establish the major factors in a chemically defined medium and to develop an ammonium control strategy to optimize the specific vitamin B12 production rate (Yp) of Pseudomonas denitrificans. Through Plackett-Burman design, the major factors of glucose, ammonium sulfate and KCl were selected as the significant factors affecting vitamin B12 biosynthesis and these were further optimized by central composite design with response surface methodology. The maximum Yp of 34.2 μg/gDCW/h was obtained in batch cultivation under the estimated optimal initial composition of glucose (93.6 g/l), (NH4)2SO4 (7.93 g/l) and KCl (1.24 g/l). Ammonium control strategies in fed-batch fermentation showed that when ammonium concentration was maintained at 40 mmol/l, the maximum Yp reached 36.0 ± 1.31 μg/gDCW/h, which was 57.2% higher than that of the control (22.9 ± 0.83 μg/gDCW/h). This ammonium control strategy successfully enhanced the industrial production, resulting in a stable high vitamin B12 production of 212.02 ± 3.03 mg/l and Yp of 37.1 μg/gDCW/h.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10551-10561
Number of pages11
JournalAfrican Journal of Biotechnology
Issue number51
StatePublished - Sep 7 2011


  • Ammonium controlling strategy
  • Chemically defined medium
  • Pseudomonas denitrificans
  • Statistical designs

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