Optimization of an isolated perfused rainbow trout liver model: Clearance studies with 7-ethoxycoumarin

John W. Nichols, Alex D. Hoffman, Patrick N. Fitzsimmons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


To date, research with isolated perfused fish livers has been limited by the relatively short time period during which stable performance can be achieved. In the present study, modifications to existing methods were employed with the goal of extending the usable life of an isolated perfused trout liver preparation. Liver performance was evaluated by measuring O2 consumption (VO2), vascular resistance, K+ leakage, glucose flux, lactate flux, and clearance of a model metabolic substrate, 7-ethoxycoumarin (CLH,7-EC). Livers perfused with solutions containing 15, 38, or 150 μM bovine serum albumin (BSA) exhibited relatively stable physiological performance for up to 10 h. CLH,7-EC decreased rapidly between 1 and 2 h in all livers tested, possibly due in part to accumulation of 7-EC within the tissue. CLH,7-EC declined slowly thereafter, decreasing by 30-40% between 2 and 10 h. A linear equation was subsequently developed to correct measured levels of clearance for this decrease in metabolic activity over time. To illustrate the value of this preparation, experiments were conducted to examine the effects of protein binding on 7-EC clearance. Clearance rates corrected for declining activity (CLH,7-EC,CORR) changed in nearly direct proportion to changes in the free concentration of 7-EC efferent to the liver, as predicted by theoretical models of liver function. Additional studies were performed to characterize the concentration-dependence of 7-EC clearance. The rate of substrate disappearance from the perfusate increased in proportion to the total concentration of 7-EC afferent to the liver resulting in constant levels of CLH,7-EC,CORR. CLH,7-EC,CORR values for four livers averaged 12.1 ± 2.5 mL/h/g-liver (mean ± SD, n = 57 individual determinations) and were in good agreement with an estimate of hepatic clearance obtained by extrapolating published in vitro data from isolated trout hepatocytes. The extended viability of isolated trout livers achieved in this study creates new opportunities for research on hepatic function in fish.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)182-194
Number of pages13
JournalAquatic Toxicology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Nov 27 2009


  • 7-Ethoxycoumarin
  • Hepatic clearance
  • Isolated perfused fish liver
  • Metabolism
  • Trout


Dive into the research topics of 'Optimization of an isolated perfused rainbow trout liver model: Clearance studies with 7-ethoxycoumarin'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this