Optimization and Modeling of Process Parameters for Lipase Production by Bacillus brevis

Aravindan Rajendran, Viruthagiri Thangavelu

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19 Scopus citations


Statistical evaluation of fermentation conditions and nutritional factors by Plackett-Burman two-level factorial design followed by optimization of significant parameters using response surface methodology for lipase production by Bacillus brevis was performed in submerged batch fermentation. Temperature, glucose, and olive oil were found to be the significant factors affecting lipase production. Maximum lipase activity of 5.1 U ml -1 and cell mass of 1.82 g l -1 at 32 h were obtained at the optimized conditions of temperature, 33.7 °C; initial pH, 8; and speed of agitation, 100 rpm, with the medium components: olive oil, 13.73 ml l -1; glucose, 13.98 g l -1; peptone, 2 g l -1; Tween 80, 5 ml l -1; NaCl, 5 g l -1; CH 3COONa, 5 g l -1; KCl, 2 g l -1; CaCl 2·2H 2O, 1 g l -1; MnSO 4·H 2O, 0. 5 g l -1; FeSO 4·7H 2O, 0. 1 g l -1; and MgSO 4·7H 2O, 0. 01 g l -1. The lipase productivity and specific lipase activity were found to be 0. 106 U (ml h) -1 and 2. 55 U mg -1, respectively. Unstructured kinetic models and artificial neural network models were used to describe the lipase fermentation. The kinetic analysis of the lipase fermentation by B. brevis shows that lipase is a growth-associated product.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)310-322
Number of pages13
JournalFood and Bioprocess Technology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2012


  • Bacillus brevis
  • Kinetic modeling
  • Lipase
  • Plackett-Burman design
  • Response surface methodology
  • Submerged fermentation


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