Aims: To investigate the effect of medium compositions and culture conditions on keratinase production by a novel thermophilic fungus Myceliophthora thermophila (Apinis) Oorschot strain GZUIFR-H49-1. Methods and Results: The thermophilic strain GZUIFR-H49-1 with keratinolytic ability was characterized and identified as a strain of M. thermophila on the basis of its morphological characters and molecular analysis of ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 rDNA sequence. Among the medium compositions tested, the soluble starch (SS), urea, sodium thiosulfate and CaCl2 were the most effective C-source, N-source, S-source and mineral ion, respectively, by employing the single-factor experiment. The urea and pH value were the significant factors (P<0·05) for the keratinase production in this experiment condition using Plackett-Burman factorial design. The conditions of keratinase production were further optimized by Box-Behnken design. Consequently, there was a 6·4-fold increase (5100Ul-1) in the keratinase activity than the initial value (800Ul-1) by this optimal process. Conclusions: This study indicated that the optimization design proved a useful and powerful tool for the development of optimal medium compositions and culture conditions. Myceliophthora thermophila strain GZUIFR-H49-1 was a promising fungus strain for keratinase production. Significance and Impact of the Study: This study characterized a novel thermophilic M. thermophila strain GZUIFR-H49-1 with potential applications for keratinase production. These conditions of keratinase production obtained by means of optimization design will be accumulated as potential information for exploration and utilization to the new fungus isolate.
- Myceliophthora thermophila