Optical and mechanical factors in the temporal development of tooth–composite bond

Jiawen Guo, Bo Yang, Jiajun Yang, Brian Holmes, Alex Fok, Jihua Chen, Yan Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Objectives: To obtain an accurate picture of the temporal development of bond strength between resin composites and tooth structures during cure for assessing debonding at the tooth–composite interface. Methods: An assembly of uncured composite sandwiched between a glass block and a dentin slab with a layer of pre-cured adhesive was used in this study. A conventional composite was compared against a bulk-fill composite. The rate of bond formation was determined by measuring the tensile bond strength of specimens of different thicknesses at different time points during cure. The changing light irradiance exiting the composite as it cured was also recorded. Mode of fracture was analyzed by examining the fracture surfaces. Results: Photo-bleaching occurred in both resin composites. The development of the dentin–composite bond strength was initially dictated by the developing cohesive strength of the resin composite, and its final value was capped by the strength of the preformed dentin–adhesive bond. The higher interfacial irradiance in the bulk-fill composite did not lead to faster development of the overall bond strength. This was caused by its slower rate of cohesive strength development as reflected in the longer time for its interfacial irradiance to plateau and the greater proportion of cohesive failure seen in the initial stage of polymerization. The law of reciprocity did not hold for the development of dentin bond strength. Significance: The results from this study, when compared with the development of shrinkage stress, can be used as a basis for ensuring the integrity of the dentin–composite interface during cure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)660-671
Number of pages12
JournalDental Materials
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The materials used in this study were kindly donated by3M ESPE. Jiawen Guo would like to thank the financial support from China Scholarship Council (Scholarship No. 201403170293 ) and the Minnesota Dental Research Center for Biomaterials and Biomechanics for hosting his visit.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The Academy of Dental Materials


  • Cohesive strength
  • Dentin bond strength
  • Law of reciprocity
  • Photo-bleaching
  • Resin composites


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