OPT: Transformation of nursing process for contemporary practice

Daniel J. Pesut, Jo Anne Herman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


The traditional nursing process has changed over time, and contemporary trends and forces suggest that another transformation of the nursing process is needed. The outcome-present state-test (OPT) reasoning model emphasizes reflection, outcome specification, and testing within the context of clinical narratives. This transitional reasoning model builds on the heritage of the nursing process and is more responsive and relevant to current nursing practice needs than previous nursing process models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29-36
Number of pages8
JournalNursing Outlook
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998


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