Open and Closed Conformations of the Isolated Transmembrane Domain of Death Receptor 5 Support a New Model of Activation

Andrew K. Lewis, Zachary M. James, Jesse E. McCaffrey, Anthony R. Braun, Christine B. Karim, David D. Thomas, Jonathan N. Sachs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

It has long been presumed that activation of the apoptosis-initiating Death Receptor 5, as well as other structurally homologous members of the TNF-receptor superfamily, relies on ligand-stabilized trimerization of noninteracting receptor monomers. We and others have proposed an alternate model in which the TNF-receptor dimer - sitting at the vertices of a large supramolecular receptor network of ligand-bound receptor trimers - undergoes a closed-to-open transition, propagated through a scissorslike conformational change in a tightly bundled transmembrane (TM) domain dimer. Here we have combined electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy and potential-of-mean force calculations on the isolated TM domain of the long isoform of DR5. The experiments and calculations both independently validate that the opening transition is intrinsic to the physical character of the TM domain dimer, with a significant energy barrier separating the open and closed states.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L21-L24
JournalBiophysical journal
Volume106
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 18 2014

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