Online Medical Misinformation in Cancer: Distinguishing Fact From Fiction

for the Collaboration for Outcomes using Social Media in Oncology (COSMO)

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


It is without question that the Internet has democratized access to medical information, with estimates that 70% of the American population use it as a resource, particularly for cancer-related information. Such unfettered access to information has led to an increase in health misinformation. Fortunately, the data indicate that health care professionals remain among the most trusted information resources. Therefore, understanding how the Internet has changed engagement with health information and facilitated the spread of misinformation is an important task and challenge for cancer clinicians. In this review, we perform a meta-synthesis of qualitative data and point toward empirical evidence that characterizes misinformation in medicine, specifically in oncology. We present this as a call to action for all clinicians to become more active in ongoing efforts to combat misinformation in oncology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)584-589
Number of pages6
JournalJCO Oncology Practice
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© American Society of Clinical Oncology.

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Review
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural


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