Substance use and associated fatalities are disproportionately experienced by rural communities. This study used consensual qualitative research methodology to analyze focus group data from individuals in short- and long-term recovery in rural Michigan and Minnesota. Coding was conducted within a recovery capital framework to improve understanding of the resources and barriers participants experienced in their recovery. Key findings included barriers related to transportation, as well as access to and availability of sober meetings and sober living activities. Participants perceived connections to culturally appropriate treatment as particularly important. A reconstruction of social networks from those promoting addiction to those supporting recovery was also prominently emphasized. Recovery capital appears to be a useful framework for assessing how rural communities are experiencing substance use crises, in addition to identifying areas of low capital and high need in supporting long-term recovery.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors would like to acknowledge the work of treatment courts and recovery organizations across northern Minnesota and Michigan’s Upper Peninsula, and the individuals in recovery who participated in focus groups, so that we could learn more about how to build communities supportive of recovery. The author(s) received no financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.
© The Author(s) 2019.
- behavioral health
- consensual qualitative research
- focus groups
- recovery capital
- substance use