One-electron oxidation of an oxoiron(IV) complex to form an [O=Fe V=NR]+ center

Katherine M. Van Heuvelen, Adam T. Fiedler, Xiaopeng Shan, Raymond F. De Hont, Katlyn K. Meier, Emile L. Bominaar, Eckard Mun̈ck, Lawrence Que

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Oxoiron(V) species are postulated to be involved in the mechanisms of the arene cis-dihydroxylating Rieske dioxygenases and of bioinspired nonheme iron catalysts for alkane hydroxylation, olefin cis-dihydroxylation, and water oxidation. In an effort to obtain a synthetic oxoiron(V) complex, we report herein the oneelectron oxidation of the S = 1 complex [FeIV(O)(TMC) (NCCH3)]2+(1, where TMC is tetramethylcyclam) by treatment with tert -butyl hydroperoxide and strong base in acetonitrile to generate a metastable S = 1/2 complex 2 at -44 °C, which has been characterized by UV-visible, resonance Raman, Mössbauer, and EPR methods. The defining spectroscopic characteristic of 2 is the unusual x/y anisotropy observed for the 57Fe and 17O A tensors associated with the high-valent Fe=O unit and for the 14N A tensor of a ligand derived from acetonitrile. As shown by detailed density functional theory (DFT) calculations, the unusual x/y anisotropy observed can only arise from an iron center with substantially different spin populations in the dxz and d yz orbitals, which cannot correspond to an FeIV=O unit but is fully consistent with an S = 1/2 FeV center, like that found for [FeV(O)(TAML)]- (where TAML is tetraamido macrocyclic ligand), the only well-characterized oxoiron(V) complex reported. Mass spectral analysis shows that the generation of 2 entails the addition of an oxygen atom to 1 and the loss of one positive charge. Taken together, the spectroscopic data and DFTcalculations support the formulation of 2 as an iron(V) complex having axial oxo and acetylimido ligands, namely [FeV(O)(TMC)(NC(O)CH 3)]+.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11933-11938
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number30
StatePublished - Jul 24 2012


  • Bioinorganic chemistry
  • High-valent iron-oxo


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