One-Dimensional Nonlocal Model for Gyratory Compaction of Hot Asphalt Mixtures

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Gyratory compaction has widely been used to evaluate the compactability of hot asphalt mixtures. Existing efforts on modeling of gyratory compaction have largely been devoted to sophisticated high-fidelity numerical simulations. This paper presents a one-dimensional nonlocal model for gyratory compaction. The model is anchored by the principle of mass conversation, in which the local densification rate is formulated as a function of the nonlocal packing fraction. The nonlocal model involves a material characteristic length scale, which is independent of the specimen size. The nonlocality gives rise to strong effects of the specimen height on the overall compaction curve as well as on the profile of the local packing fraction. A set of gyratory compaction experiments is performed on specimens of different heights. It is shown that the model is able to capture the measured size effect on the compaction curves. A parametric study is carried out to investigate the effects of nonlocality and model parameters on the predictions of compaction curve and profile of packing fraction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number04021144
JournalJournal of Engineering Mechanics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors gratefully acknowledge the support under grant 100325 WO106 to the University of Minnesota from the Minnesota Department of Transportation.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 American Society of Civil Engineers.


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