On the basis of source: Impacts of individual differences on multiple-document integrated reading and writing tasks

Kathryn S. McCarthy, Eleanor F. Yan, Laura K. Allen, Allison N. Sonia, Joseph P. Magliano, Danielle S. McNamara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Few studies have explored how general skills in both reading and writing influence performance on integrated, source-based writing. The goal of the present study was to consider the relative contributions of reading and writing ability on multiple-document integrative reading and writing tasks. Students in the U.S. (n = 94) completed two tasks in which they read text sets about a socioscientific issue, generated constructed responses while reading, and then composed integrated essays. They also completed individual difference measures (general knowledge, reading skill, reading strategy use) and wrote independent essays to assess their writing ability. Mixed effect models revealed that general knowledge and reading skills contributed to integrated essay performance, but that once general writing ability was entered into the model, it became the strongest predictor of integrated writing scores. These results suggest the need for deeper consideration of the role of writing skills in integrated reading and writing tasks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101599
JournalLearning and Instruction
StatePublished - Jun 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was made possible in part by grants from IES (Grants R305A180144 and R305A190063 ) as well as the Office of Naval Research (Grants: N00014-20-1-2627 , N00014-19-1-2424 , and N00014-20-2623 ). The views expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Department of Education, IES, or the Office of Naval Research.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Ltd


  • Individual differences
  • Multiple-documents inquiry
  • Prior knowledge
  • Reading skill
  • Source-based writing
  • Writing skill


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