Consider a Galton-Watson process with immigration. The limiting distributions of the non-sequential estimators of the offspring mean have been proved to be drastically different for the critical case and subcritical and supercritical cases. A sequential estimator, proposed by Sriram et al. (Ann. Statist. 19 (1991) 2232), was shown to be asymptotically normal for both the subcritical and critical cases. Based on a certain stopping rule, we construct a class of two-stage estimators for the offspring mean. These estimators are shown to be asymptotically normal for all the three cases. This gives, without assuming any prior knowledge, a unified estimation and inference procedure for the offspring mean.
- Asymptotic normality
- Branching process
- Stopping time
- Two-stage sequential estimator