On-road and laboratory evaluation of combustion aerosols-Part1: Summary of diesel engine results

D. B. Kittelson, W. F. Watts, J. P. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

298 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective was to characterize diesel exhaust aerosols on road and to duplicate the results in the laboratory without altering the physical characteristics of the nuclei mode. On-road emissions from four, heavy-duty diesel truck engines were measured. The same engines were reevaluated in the manufacturers' laboratories. For highway cruise and acceleration conditions, all engines produced bimodal size distributions with the nuclei mode ranging in size from 6 to 11 nm and the accumulation mode from 52 to 62 nm. On-road size distribution measurements nearly always showed a nuclei mode while laboratory measurements showed a nuclei mode under many, but not all conditions. Laboratory studies showed that nuclei mode particles consisted mainly of heavy hydrocarbons. More than 97% of the volume of 12 and 30 nm particles disappeared on heating to 400 °C. The volatility resembled that of C24-C32 n-alkanes implying a significant contribution from lubricating oil.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)913-930
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Aerosol Science
Volume37
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2006

Keywords

  • Diesel aerosol
  • Diesel engine
  • Heavy-duty vehicle
  • Nanoparticles
  • On-road measurement

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