A locality-preserving mapping (LPM) from the multi-dimensional space into the one-dimensional space is beneficial for many applications (e.g., range queries, nearest-neighbor queries, clustering, and declustering) when multi-dimensional data is placed into one-dimensional storage (e.g., the disk). The idea behind a locality-preserving mapping is to map points that are nearby in the multi-dimensional space into points that are nearby in the one-dimensional space. For the past two decades, fractals (e.g., the Hilbert and Peano space-filling curves) have been considered the natural method for providing a locality-preserving mapping to support efficient answer for range queries and similarity search queries. In this paper, we go beyond the idea of fractals. Instead, we investigate a locality-preserving mapping algorithm (The Spectral LPM) that uses the spectrum of the multi-dimensional space. This paper provably demonstrates how Spectral LPM provides a globally optimal mapping from the multi-dimensional space to the one-dimensional space, and hence outperforms fractals. As an application, in the context of range queries and nearest-neighbor queries, empirical results of the performance of Spectral LPM validate our analysis in comparison with Peano, Hilbert, and Gray fractal mappings.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||20|
|Journal||Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)|
|State||Published - Dec 1 2003|