On quality factor improvement in a NEMS resonator with nonlinear damping

Subramanian Ramakrishnan, Md Raf E. Ul Shougat

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Nonlinear damping effects have been reported in experiments on nanoelectromechanical (NEMS) resonators and suggested as a pathway to improve the quality (Q) factors of the resonators. In particular, in a nonlinearly damped Duffing NEMS resonator operating in the hardening regime, it has been shown that white noise excitation can shrink the hysteresis region resulting in higher Q factors. In this paper the authors: (1) find that an analytical expression they previously derived using the method of harmonic balance for the frequency-amplitude relationship of a weakly-excited, nonlinearly damped Duffing NEMS resonator is valid for strong excitation, (2) show analytically and verify numerically that for constant values of the nonlinear damping coefficient, higher amplitude of forcing leads to increase in the resonant frequency, (3) find that white-noise induced stochastic parametric excitation can lead to enhanced Q factors and (4) show that decreasing the nonlinear damping coefficient leads to higher Q-factor. The results, in addition to being theoretically significant, are expected to be important in sensing applications using NEMS resonators.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication31st Conference on Mechanical Vibration and Noise
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791859285
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Externally publishedYes
EventASME 2019 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC-CIE 2019 - Anaheim, United States
Duration: Aug 18 2019Aug 21 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference
Volume8

Conference

ConferenceASME 2019 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC-CIE 2019
CountryUnited States
CityAnaheim
Period8/18/198/21/19

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Ramakrishnan, S., & Ul Shougat, M. R. E. (2019). On quality factor improvement in a NEMS resonator with nonlinear damping. In 31st Conference on Mechanical Vibration and Noise (Proceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference; Vol. 8). American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). https://doi.org/10.1115/DETC2019-98505