On computing artin l-functions in the critical strip

J. C. Lagarias, A. M. Odlyzko

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This paper gives a method for computing values of certain nonabelian Artin l-functions in the complex plane. These Artin l-functions are attached to irreducible characters of degree 2 of Galois groups of certain normal extensions K of Q. These fields K are the ones for which G = Gal(.KyQ) has an abelian subgroup A of index 2, whose fixed field Q(d) is complex, and such that there is a a S G — A for which oao = a for all a = A. The key property proved here is that these particular Artin ¿-functions are Hecke (abelian) l-functions attached to ring class characters of the imaginary quadratic field QiJd and, therefore, can be expressed as linear combinations of Epstein zeta functions of positive definite binary quadratic forms. Such Epstein zeta functions have rapidly convergent expansions in terms of incomplete gamma functions. In the special case K = Qisf-3, a, where a > 0 is cube-free, the Artin l-function attached to the unique irreducible character of degree 2 of Gal(Ä"/Q) = S3 is the quotient of the Dedekind zeta function of the pure cubic field a = Q(a) by the Riemann zeta function. For functions of this latter form, representations as linear combinations of Epstein zeta functions were worked out by Dedekind in 1879. For a = 2, 3, 6 and 12, such representations are used to show that all of the zeroes p = o + it of these l-functions with 0 < a < 1 and If I < 15 are simple and lie on the critical line a = 14. These methods currently cannot be used to compute values of ¿-functions with Im(s) much larger than 1 5, but approaches to overcome these deficiencies are discussed in the final section.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1081-1095
Number of pages15
JournalMathematics of Computation
Issue number147
StatePublished - Jul 1979


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