TY - JOUR

T1 - On bounded and unbounded global solutions of a supercritical semilinear heat equation

AU - Polacik, Peter

AU - Yanagida, Eiji

PY - 2003/12

Y1 - 2003/12

N2 - We consider the Cauchy problem ut = δu + δuδp-1u, x ε ℝN, t > 0, u(x, 0) = u0(x), x ε ℝN, where u0 ε C0(ℝN), the space of all continuous functions on ℝN that decay to zero at infinity, and p is supercritical in the sense that N ≥ 11 and p ≥ ((N - 2)2 - 4N + 8√N - 1)/(N - 2)(N - 10). We first examine the domain of attraction of steady states (and also of general solutions) in a class of admissible functions. In particular, we give a sharp condition on the initial function u0 so that the solution of the above problem converges to a given steady state. Then we consider the asymptotic behavior of global solutions bounded above and below by classical steady states (such solutions have compact trajectories in C 0(ℝN), under the supremum norm). Our main result reveals an interesting possibility: the solution may approach a continuum of steady states, not settling down to any particular one of them. Finally, we prove the existence of global unbounded solutions, a phenomenon that does not occur for Sobolev-subcritical exponents.

AB - We consider the Cauchy problem ut = δu + δuδp-1u, x ε ℝN, t > 0, u(x, 0) = u0(x), x ε ℝN, where u0 ε C0(ℝN), the space of all continuous functions on ℝN that decay to zero at infinity, and p is supercritical in the sense that N ≥ 11 and p ≥ ((N - 2)2 - 4N + 8√N - 1)/(N - 2)(N - 10). We first examine the domain of attraction of steady states (and also of general solutions) in a class of admissible functions. In particular, we give a sharp condition on the initial function u0 so that the solution of the above problem converges to a given steady state. Then we consider the asymptotic behavior of global solutions bounded above and below by classical steady states (such solutions have compact trajectories in C 0(ℝN), under the supremum norm). Our main result reveals an interesting possibility: the solution may approach a continuum of steady states, not settling down to any particular one of them. Finally, we prove the existence of global unbounded solutions, a phenomenon that does not occur for Sobolev-subcritical exponents.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0348252244&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0348252244&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s00208-003-0469-y

DO - 10.1007/s00208-003-0469-y

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0348252244

SN - 0025-5831

VL - 327

SP - 745

EP - 771

JO - Mathematische Annalen

JF - Mathematische Annalen

IS - 4

ER -