Occupational injuries and medication use

Timothy M. Gilmore, Bruce H. Alexander, Beth A. Mueller, Frederick P. Rivara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

91 Scopus citations


Recent medication use of 3,394 members of the Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound (GHC) diagnosed with an incident work related injury was compared to that of two controls selected from the GHC membership and matched on age, gender, and Standard Industrial Classification Code of their employer. Medication use was determined from the GHC pharmacy data base. The injuries of the tissues included 496 fractures or dislocations, 2.728 open wounds, crushing injuries, or superficial injuries, 176 burns, and 64 internal or intracranial injuries. The risk of injury was elevated among users of antihistamines [odds ratio (OR) = 1.5. 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.1-1.9], antibiotics (OR = 1.2. 95% CI= 1.0-1.5), and diabetes medications (OR = 1.3, 95% CI = 0.9-1.9). The patients of risk were similar for mules and females, but varied by type of injury. No consistent associations between use of antidepressants, antianxiety, medication, or narcotics and work-related injury were observed. The use of some medications, or conditions requiring medications, may contribute to the risk of a work-related injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)234-239
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Industrial Medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 1996


  • case-control studies
  • medication
  • occupational injuries
  • workers' compensation


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