Obtained versus programmed reinforcement: Practical considerations in the treatment of escape-reinforced aggression

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Abstract

This investigation provides a preliminary examination of the difference between programmed and obtained reinforcement rates and its potential influence during treatment of aggression in a natural setting. Following a functional analysis that suggested that the aggression of a boy with autism was negatively reinforced, intervention was implemented by the boy's mother. Concurrent fixed-ratio (FR) 1 FR 1 schedules of escape were arranged for manding and aggression. When mands failed to compete effectively with aggression, obtained reinforcement ratios were calculated; these indicated that obtained reinforcement varied from the programmed schedule for aggression but not for mands. Increasing the rate of prompts for mands resulted in an increase in mands and a decrease in aggression to near-zero levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)239-242
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of applied behavior analysis
Volume37
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2004

Bibliographical note

Copyright:
Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Concurrent schedules
  • Functional communication training
  • Obtained reinforcement
  • Response allocation

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